YCbCr Sampler Vulkan

voix
3

J'ai essayé d'échantillonner une image YCbCr dans Vulkan pour 16+ heures, mais je continue à obtenir des résultats incorrects, et j'espérais que quelqu'un pourrait être en mesure de repérer mon erreur.

J'ai une image NV12 YCbCr que je veux rendre sur deux triangles formant un quad. Si je comprends bien, la VkFormat qui correspond à NV12 est VK_FORMAT_G8_B8R8_2PLANE_420_UNORM. Voici le code que j'attendre à travailler, mais je vais essayer d'expliquer ce que je suis en train de faire aussi bien:

1) Créer un VkSampler avec un VkSamplerYcbcrConversion (avec le format correct) dans pNext

2) Lire les données NV12 dans un tampon de stockage intermédiaire

3) Créer VkImage avec le format correct et préciser que les avions sont disjoints

4) Obtenir des besoins en mémoire (et le décalage de plan 1) pour chaque plan (0 et 1)

5) Affecter dispositif mémoire locale pour les données d'image

6) se lient chaque plan à l'emplacement correct dans la mémoire

7) Copie mise en scène du tampon vers la mémoire d'image

8) Créer VkImageView avec le même format que le VkImage et même VkSamplerYcbcrConversionInfo que le VkSampler dans pNext.

VkSamplerYcbcrConversion ycbcr_sampler_conversion;
VkSamplerYcbcrConversionInfo ycbcr_info;
VkSampler ycbcr_sampler;
VkImage image;
VkDeviceMemory image_memory;
VkDeviceSize memory_offset_plane0, memory_offset_plane1;
VkImageView image_view;

enum YCbCrStorageFormat
{
    NV12
};

unsigned char* ReadYCbCrFile(const std::string& filename, YCbCrStorageFormat storage_format, VkFormat vulkan_format, uint32_t* buffer_size, uint32_t* buffer_offset_plane1, uint32_t* buffer_offset_plane2)
{
    std::ifstream file;
    file.open(filename.c_str(), std::ios::in | std::ios::binary | std::ios::ate);
    if (!file.is_open()) { ELOG(Failed to open YCbCr image); }
    *buffer_size = file.tellg();
    file.seekg(0);

    unsigned char* data;
    switch (storage_format)
    {
        case NV12:
        {
            if (vulkan_format != VK_FORMAT_G8_B8R8_2PLANE_420_UNORM)
            {
                ILOG(A 1:1 relationship doesn't exist between NV12 and 420, exiting);
                exit(1);
            }
            *buffer_offset_plane1 = (*buffer_size / 3) * 2;
            *buffer_offset_plane2 = 0; //Not used
            data = new unsigned char[*buffer_size];
            file.read((char*)(data), *buffer_size);
            break;
        }
        default:
            ELOG(A YCbCr storage format is required);
            break;
    }

    file.close();
    return data;
}

VkFormatProperties format_properties;
vkGetPhysicalDeviceFormatProperties(physical_device, VK_FORMAT_G8_B8R8_2PLANE_420_UNORM, &format_properties);
bool cosited = false, midpoint = false;
if (format_properties.optimalTilingFeatures & VK_FORMAT_FEATURE_COSITED_CHROMA_SAMPLES_BIT)
{
    cosited = true;
}
else if (format_properties.optimalTilingFeatures & VK_FORMAT_FEATURE_MIDPOINT_CHROMA_SAMPLES_BIT)
{
    midpoint = true;
}
if (!cosited && !midpoint)
{
    ELOG(Nither VK_FORMAT_FEATURE_COSITED_CHROMA_SAMPLES_BIT nor VK_FORMAT_FEATURE_MIDPOINT_CHROMA_SAMPLES_BIT is supported for VK_FORMAT_G8_B8R8_2PLANE_420_UNORM);
}

VkSamplerYcbcrConversionCreateInfo conversion_info = {};
conversion_info.sType = VK_STRUCTURE_TYPE_SAMPLER_YCBCR_CONVERSION_CREATE_INFO;
conversion_info.pNext = NULL;
conversion_info.format = VK_FORMAT_G8_B8R8_2PLANE_420_UNORM;
conversion_info.ycbcrModel = VK_SAMPLER_YCBCR_MODEL_CONVERSION_YCBCR_709;
conversion_info.ycbcrRange = VK_SAMPLER_YCBCR_RANGE_ITU_FULL;
conversion_info.components.r = VK_COMPONENT_SWIZZLE_IDENTITY;
conversion_info.components.g = VK_COMPONENT_SWIZZLE_IDENTITY;
conversion_info.components.b = VK_COMPONENT_SWIZZLE_IDENTITY;
conversion_info.components.a = VK_COMPONENT_SWIZZLE_IDENTITY;
if (cosited)
{
    conversion_info.xChromaOffset = VK_CHROMA_LOCATION_COSITED_EVEN;
    conversion_info.yChromaOffset = VK_CHROMA_LOCATION_COSITED_EVEN;
}
else
{
    conversion_info.xChromaOffset = VK_CHROMA_LOCATION_MIDPOINT;
    conversion_info.yChromaOffset = VK_CHROMA_LOCATION_MIDPOINT;
}
conversion_info.chromaFilter = VK_FILTER_LINEAR;
conversion_info.forceExplicitReconstruction = VK_FALSE;
VkResult res = vkCreateSamplerYcbcrConversion(logical_device, &conversion_info, NULL, &ycbcr_sampler_conversion);
CHECK_VK_RESULT(res, Failed to create YCbCr conversion sampler);
ILOG(Successfully created YCbCr conversion);

ycbcr_info.sType = VK_STRUCTURE_TYPE_SAMPLER_YCBCR_CONVERSION_INFO;
ycbcr_info.pNext = NULL;
ycbcr_info.conversion = ycbcr_sampler_conversion;

VkSamplerCreateInfo sampler_info = {};
sampler_info.sType = VK_STRUCTURE_TYPE_SAMPLER_CREATE_INFO;
sampler_info.pNext = &ycbcr_info;
sampler_info.flags = 0;
sampler_info.magFilter = VK_FILTER_LINEAR;
sampler_info.minFilter = VK_FILTER_LINEAR;
sampler_info.mipmapMode = VK_SAMPLER_MIPMAP_MODE_LINEAR;
sampler_info.addressModeU = VK_SAMPLER_ADDRESS_MODE_REPEAT;
sampler_info.addressModeV = VK_SAMPLER_ADDRESS_MODE_REPEAT;
sampler_info.addressModeW = VK_SAMPLER_ADDRESS_MODE_REPEAT;
sampler_info.mipLodBias = 0.0f;
sampler_info.anisotropyEnable = VK_FALSE;
//sampler_info.maxAnisotropy IGNORED
sampler_info.compareEnable = VK_FALSE;
//sampler_info.compareOp =  IGNORED
sampler_info.minLod = 0.0f;
sampler_info.maxLod = 1.0f;
sampler_info.borderColor = VK_BORDER_COLOR_FLOAT_OPAQUE_BLACK;
sampler_info.unnormalizedCoordinates = VK_FALSE;
res = vkCreateSampler(logical_device, &sampler_info, NULL, &ycbcr_sampler);
CHECK_VK_RESULT(res, Failed to create YUV sampler);
ILOG(Successfully created sampler with YCbCr in pNext);

std::string filename = tree_nv12_1920x1080.yuv;
uint32_t width = 1920, height = 1080;
VkFormat format = VK_FORMAT_G8_B8R8_2PLANE_420_UNORM;
uint32_t buffer_size, buffer_offset_plane1, buffer_offset_plane2;
unsigned char* ycbcr_data = ReadYCbCrFile(filename, NV12, VK_FORMAT_G8_B8R8_2PLANE_420_UNORM, &buffer_size, &buffer_offset_plane1, &buffer_offset_plane2);

//Load image into staging buffer
VkDeviceMemory stage_buffer_memory;
VkBuffer stage_buffer = create_vk_buffer(buffer_size, VK_BUFFER_USAGE_TRANSFER_SRC_BIT, VK_MEMORY_PROPERTY_HOST_VISIBLE_BIT | VK_MEMORY_PROPERTY_HOST_COHERENT_BIT, stage_buffer_memory);
void* stage_memory_ptr;
vkMapMemory(logical_device, stage_buffer_memory, 0, buffer_size, 0, &stage_memory_ptr);
memcpy(stage_memory_ptr, ycbcr_data, buffer_size);
vkUnmapMemory(logical_device, stage_buffer_memory);
delete[] ycbcr_data;

//Create image
VkImageCreateInfo img_info = {};
img_info.sType = VK_STRUCTURE_TYPE_IMAGE_CREATE_INFO;
img_info.flags = VK_IMAGE_CREATE_DISJOINT_BIT;
img_info.imageType = VK_IMAGE_TYPE_2D;
img_info.extent.width = width;
img_info.extent.height = height;
img_info.extent.depth = 1;
img_info.mipLevels = 1;
img_info.arrayLayers = 1;
img_info.format = format;
img_info.tiling = VK_IMAGE_TILING_LINEAR;//VK_IMAGE_TILING_OPTIMAL;
img_info.initialLayout = VK_IMAGE_LAYOUT_PREINITIALIZED;
img_info.usage = VK_BUFFER_USAGE_TRANSFER_DST_BIT | VK_IMAGE_USAGE_SAMPLED_BIT;
img_info.samples = VK_SAMPLE_COUNT_1_BIT;
img_info.sharingMode = VK_SHARING_MODE_EXCLUSIVE;
VkResult result = vkCreateImage(logical_device, &img_info, NULL, &image);
CHECK_VK_RESULT(result, vkCreateImage failed to create image handle);
ILOG(Image created!);

//Get memory requirements for each plane and combine
//Plane 0
VkImagePlaneMemoryRequirementsInfo image_plane_info = {};
image_plane_info.sType = VK_STRUCTURE_TYPE_IMAGE_PLANE_MEMORY_REQUIREMENTS_INFO;
image_plane_info.pNext = NULL;
image_plane_info.planeAspect = VK_IMAGE_ASPECT_PLANE_0_BIT;
VkImageMemoryRequirementsInfo2 image_info2 = {};
image_info2.sType = VK_STRUCTURE_TYPE_IMAGE_MEMORY_REQUIREMENTS_INFO_2;
image_info2.pNext = &image_plane_info;
image_info2.image = image;
VkImagePlaneMemoryRequirementsInfo memory_plane_requirements = {};
memory_plane_requirements.sType = VK_STRUCTURE_TYPE_IMAGE_PLANE_MEMORY_REQUIREMENTS_INFO;
memory_plane_requirements.pNext = NULL;
memory_plane_requirements.planeAspect = VK_IMAGE_ASPECT_PLANE_0_BIT;
VkMemoryRequirements2 memory_requirements2 = {};
memory_requirements2.sType = VK_STRUCTURE_TYPE_MEMORY_REQUIREMENTS_2;
memory_requirements2.pNext = &memory_plane_requirements;
vkGetImageMemoryRequirements2(logical_device, &image_info2, &memory_requirements2);
VkDeviceSize image_size = memory_requirements2.memoryRequirements.size;
uint32_t image_bits = memory_requirements2.memoryRequirements.memoryTypeBits;
//Set offsets
memory_offset_plane0 = 0;
memory_offset_plane1 = image_size;
//Plane 1
image_plane_info.planeAspect = VK_IMAGE_ASPECT_PLANE_1_BIT;
memory_plane_requirements.planeAspect = VK_IMAGE_ASPECT_PLANE_1_BIT;
vkGetImageMemoryRequirements2(logical_device, &image_info2, &memory_requirements2);
image_size += memory_requirements2.memoryRequirements.size;
image_bits = image_bits | memory_requirements2.memoryRequirements.memoryTypeBits;

//Allocate image memory
VkMemoryAllocateInfo allocate_info = {};
allocate_info.sType = VK_STRUCTURE_TYPE_MEMORY_ALLOCATE_INFO;
allocate_info.allocationSize = image_size;
allocate_info.memoryTypeIndex = get_device_memory_type(image_bits, VK_MEMORY_PROPERTY_DEVICE_LOCAL_BIT);
result = vkAllocateMemory(logical_device, &allocate_info, NULL, &image_memory);
CHECK_VK_RESULT(result, vkAllocateMemory failed to allocate image memory);

//Bind each image plane to memory
std::vector<VkBindImageMemoryInfo> bind_image_memory_infos(2);
//Plane 0
VkBindImagePlaneMemoryInfo bind_image_plane0_info = {};
bind_image_plane0_info.sType = VK_STRUCTURE_TYPE_BIND_IMAGE_PLANE_MEMORY_INFO;
bind_image_plane0_info.pNext = NULL;
bind_image_plane0_info.planeAspect = VK_IMAGE_ASPECT_PLANE_0_BIT;
VkBindImageMemoryInfo& bind_image_memory_plane0_info = bind_image_memory_infos[0];
bind_image_memory_plane0_info.sType = VK_STRUCTURE_TYPE_BIND_IMAGE_MEMORY_INFO;
bind_image_memory_plane0_info.pNext = &bind_image_plane0_info;
bind_image_memory_plane0_info.image = image;
bind_image_memory_plane0_info.memory = image_memory;
bind_image_memory_plane0_info.memoryOffset = memory_offset_plane0;
//Plane 1
VkBindImagePlaneMemoryInfo bind_image_plane1_info = {};
bind_image_plane1_info.sType = VK_STRUCTURE_TYPE_BIND_IMAGE_PLANE_MEMORY_INFO;
bind_image_plane1_info.pNext = NULL;
bind_image_plane1_info.planeAspect = VK_IMAGE_ASPECT_PLANE_1_BIT;
VkBindImageMemoryInfo& bind_image_memory_plane1_info = bind_image_memory_infos[1];
bind_image_memory_plane1_info.sType = VK_STRUCTURE_TYPE_BIND_IMAGE_MEMORY_INFO;
bind_image_memory_plane1_info.pNext = &bind_image_plane1_info;
bind_image_memory_plane1_info.image = image;
bind_image_memory_plane1_info.memory = image_memory;
bind_image_memory_plane1_info.memoryOffset = memory_offset_plane1;
vkBindImageMemory2(logical_device, bind_image_memory_infos.size(), bind_image_memory_infos.data());

context.transition_vk_image_layout(image, format, VK_IMAGE_ASPECT_COLOR_BIT, VK_IMAGE_LAYOUT_PREINITIALIZED, VK_IMAGE_LAYOUT_TRANSFER_DST_OPTIMAL);

//Copy staging buffer to device local buffer
VkCommandBuffer tmp_cmd_buffer = begin_tmp_vk_cmd_buffer();
std::vector<VkBufferImageCopy> plane_regions(2);
plane_regions[0].bufferOffset = 0;
plane_regions[0].bufferRowLength = 0;
plane_regions[0].bufferImageHeight = 0;
plane_regions[0].imageSubresource.aspectMask = VK_IMAGE_ASPECT_PLANE_0_BIT;
plane_regions[0].imageSubresource.mipLevel = 0;
plane_regions[0].imageSubresource.baseArrayLayer = 0;
plane_regions[0].imageSubresource.layerCount = 1;
plane_regions[0].imageOffset = { 0, 0, 0 };
plane_regions[0].imageExtent = { width, height, 1 };
plane_regions[1].bufferOffset = buffer_offset_plane1;
plane_regions[1].bufferRowLength = 0;
plane_regions[1].bufferImageHeight = 0;
plane_regions[1].imageSubresource.aspectMask = VK_IMAGE_ASPECT_PLANE_1_BIT;
plane_regions[1].imageSubresource.mipLevel = 0;
plane_regions[1].imageSubresource.baseArrayLayer = 0;
plane_regions[1].imageSubresource.layerCount = 1;
plane_regions[1].imageOffset = { 0, 0, 0 };
plane_regions[1].imageExtent = { width / 2, height / 2, 1 };
vkCmdCopyBufferToImage(tmp_cmd_buffer, stage_buffer, image, VK_IMAGE_LAYOUT_TRANSFER_DST_OPTIMAL, plane_regions.size(), plane_regions.data());
end_tmp_vk_cmd_buffer(tmp_cmd_buffer); //Submit and waits

vkFreeMemory(logical_device, stage_buffer_memory, NULL);
vkDestroyBuffer(logical_device, stage_buffer, NULL);

transition_vk_image_layout(image, format, VK_IMAGE_ASPECT_COLOR_BIT, VK_IMAGE_LAYOUT_TRANSFER_DST_OPTIMAL, VK_IMAGE_LAYOUT_SHADER_READ_ONLY_OPTIMAL);

VkImageViewCreateInfo image_view_info = {};
image_view_info.sType = VK_STRUCTURE_TYPE_IMAGE_VIEW_CREATE_INFO;
image_view_info.pNext = &ycbcr_info;
image_view_info.flags = 0;
image_view_info.image = image;
image_view_info.viewType = VK_IMAGE_VIEW_TYPE_2D;
image_view_info.format = format;
image_view_info.components.r = VK_COMPONENT_SWIZZLE_IDENTITY;
image_view_info.components.b = VK_COMPONENT_SWIZZLE_IDENTITY;
image_view_info.components.g = VK_COMPONENT_SWIZZLE_IDENTITY;
image_view_info.components.a = VK_COMPONENT_SWIZZLE_IDENTITY;
image_view_info.subresourceRange.aspectMask = VK_IMAGE_ASPECT_COLOR_BIT;
image_view_info.subresourceRange.baseMipLevel = 0;
image_view_info.subresourceRange.levelCount = 1;
image_view_info.subresourceRange.baseArrayLayer = 0;
image_view_info.subresourceRange.layerCount = 1;
VkResult res = vkCreateImageView(logical_device, &image_view_info, NULL, &.image_view);
CHECK_VK_RESULT(res, Failed to create image view);

ILOG(Successfully created image, allocated image memory and created image view);

Je reçois une erreur de validation: vkCmdCopyBufferToImage() parameter, VkImageAspect pRegions->imageSubresource.aspectMask, is an unrecognized enumeratormais d'inspecter le code de validation, il semble que c'est juste un peu dépassé et cela ne devrait pas être un problème.

Le reste du code définit simplement des mises en page de descripteurs réguliers / piscines et alloué et mises à jour en conséquence (je l'ai vérifié avec une texture RVB régulière).

Le fragment shader est la suivante:

vec2 uv = vec2(gl_FragCoord.x / 1024.0, 1.0 - (gl_FragCoord.y / 1024.0));
out_color = vec4(texture(ycbcr_image, uv).rgb, 1.0f);

Quand je lance mon programme, je reçois seulement des composants rouges (l'image est essentiellement une image en niveaux de gris). d'un peu de tests, il semble que la configuration VkSamplerYcbcrconversion en retirant à la fois la VkSamplerCreateInfo.pNext et VkImageViewCreateInfo.pNext ne change rien.

Je l' ai aussi regardé ici, des tests Khronos YCbCr , mais je ne peux trouver aucune erreur réelle. Toute aide serait très appréciée! :)

Créé 19/12/2018 à 14:12
source utilisateur
Dans d'autres langues...                            


1 réponses

voix
2

Solution: en fonction de la spécification, sec. 12.1, la conversion doit être fixé au moment de la création de pipeline, par l' utilisation d'un échantillonneur d'image combinée à un échantillonneur immuable dans VkDescriptorSetLayoutBinding.

En ajoutant le ycbcr_sampler à pImmutableSamplers lors de la mise en place de la mise en page du jeu de descripteur de liaison il fonctionne maintenant:

VkDescriptorSetLayoutBinding image_binding = {};
image_binding.binding = 0;
image_binding.descriptorType = VK_DESCRIPTOR_TYPE_COMBINED_IMAGE_SAMPLER;
image_binding.descriptorCount = 1;
image_binding.stageFlags = VK_SHADER_STAGE_FRAGMENT_BIT;
image_binding.pImmutableSamplers = &ycbcr_sampler;
Créé 09/01/2019 à 11:19
source utilisateur

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